Medically reviewed by Cynthia Taylor Chavoustie, MPAS, PA-C — Written by Danielle Dresden on September 15, 2020
Road rash refers to scrapes, abrasions, or surface burns on the skin. There are many terms to describe these kinds of injuries to the surface layer of the skin.
Đang xem: How to treat road rash and abrasions
People of all ages can get road rash. Researchers report that around 71% of reported injuries to children are abrasions.
Skinned knees are one form of road rash, but these injuries can also be quite serious — especially when they result from a vehicle accident, for example. Hospitalization and complex treatment may be necessary in such cases.
That said, in most instances, road rash usually improves with home care. Understanding more about the nature of this injury can help tư vấn healing, reduce pain, and prevent complications.
Keep reading to learn more about the causes, symptoms, and treatment options associated with road rash.
Share on PinterestChildren often get road rash from a fall or minor accident.
The American College of Surgeons define abrasion as “when the skin is rubbed away.”
The root cause of abrasion, or road rash, is the skin coming into tương tác with a rough surface, or when the force applied to the skin is more powerful than the skin’s ability to stretch.
These kinds of injuries can result from an accident, such as falling off a bicycle or when a baseball player slides into home plate. The latter is also sometimes called turf burn.
Bony parts of the body toàn thân that do not have much body toàn thân fat or thick skin — such as the knees, elbows, or ankles — are more likely to get road rash than other areas.
Abrasion is the medical term for road rash. When people get these types of injuries, the skin breaks, small capillaries also break, and blood seeps out.
The symptoms of road rash will depend on how deep the injury is. Even with mild abrasions that do not go much deeper than the top layer of skin, or epidermis, there is usually pain and bleeding. In fact, road rash can be more painful than a puncture wound, as it affects more nerve endings.
Deeper abrasions, which can reach down into the dermis, may occur alongside other symptoms, including:
foreign bodies, such as dirt or glass, in the woundbruisingdamage to the tendons, nerves, or blood vesselsbroken bones
“Traumatic tattoos” are perhaps the most extreme symptom of road rash. These can develop when particles get embedded in the skin and cause permanent scarring and discoloration due to an injury that causes abrasions.
Research into the most effective way to treat such injuries and prevent scarring is ongoing. Some studies suggest that involving burn experts in treatment can improve outcomes.
Proper home care can resolve most cases of road rash.
It is important to treat road rash as soon as possible after sustaining the injury. Cleaning out the wound is essential to prevent infection and remove any foreign bodies that may be in the wound. Doing so will help prevent a form of scarring known as tattooing.
It is vital to clean and dress the wound every day. To do so, a person can follow these steps:
Thoroughly wash the hands with soap and water and dry them before treating road rash.Remove and dispose of old bandages.Wash the affected area with antibacterial soap and rinse well.Thoroughly dry the surrounding area.Apply a thin layer of an antibacterial ointment, such as Bacitracin, to any open wounds.Use moisturizing lotion on skin surrounding the injury and areas that may have healed.Cover the wound with non-stick gauze and secure as needed.Use over-the-counter pain relievers as necessary.
As road rash heals, the skin can feel itchy or as though it is being stretched. A person may wish to apply moisturizer frequently to keep the skin soft.