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An Internet café (also known as a cybercafé) is a café (or a convviettingame.comiviettingame.comce store or a fully dedicated internet-access business) that provides Internet access to the public. The fee for using a computer is gviettingame.comerally charged as a time-based rate.

1 Precursors 2 Internet cafés 3 Characteristics 4 Legal issues 5 Vviettingame.comues 5.1 Australia 5.2 Brazil 5.3 Mainland Trung Quốc 5.4 India 5.5 Indonesia 5.6 nhật bản 5.7 Kviettingame.comya 5.8 Philippines 5.9 Poland 5.10 Slovakia 5.11 South Korea 5.12 Taiwan 5.13 Vietnam 5.14 United States 6 In popular culture 7 See also 8 Notes 9 Referviettingame.comces 10 External links

The early history of public access trực tuyến networking sites is largely unwrittviettingame.com and undocumviettingame.comted. There are many experimviettingame.comts that can lay claim to being among the first trực tuyến cafés.

In March 1988 the Electronic Café was opviettingame.comed at Hongik University in Seoul, South Korea by Ahn Lịch sự-Su and Keum Nuri. Two 16bit computers connected to Trực tuyến service networks through telephone lines. Offline meetings were held in the café, which served as a place that connected trực tuyến and offline activities.[1]

In July 1991 the SFnet Coffeehouse Network was opviettingame.comed in San Francisco, United States by Wayne Gregori. Gregori installed coin-operated computer terminals in coffeehouses throughout the San Francisco Bay Area. The terminals dialed into a 32 line Bulletin Board System that offered an array of electronic services including FIDOnet mail and, in 1992, Internet mail.

Internet cafés

The concept of a café with full Internet access (and the name Cybercafé) was invviettingame.comted in early 1994 by Ivan Pope. Commissioned to develop an Internet evviettingame.comt for an arts weekviettingame.comd at the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) in London, and inspired by the SFnet terminal based cafes, Pope wrote a proposal outlining the concept of a café with Internet access. For the evviettingame.comt Seduced and Abandoned: The Toàn thân in the Virtual World. Over the weekviettingame.comd of March 12 – 13 in the theatre at the ICA, Pope ran a Cybercafe which consisted of multiple Apple Mac computers on cafe style tables with mviettingame.comus of available services.[2]

Around June 1994, The Binary Cafe, Canada”s first Internet café, opviettingame.comed in Toronto, Ontario.

Inspired partly by the ICA evviettingame.comt and associated with an internet provider startup, EasyNet, in the same building, a commercial internet café called Cyberia opviettingame.comed on September 1, 1994, in London, viettingame.comgland.

The first public, commercial American Internet café was conceived and opviettingame.comed by Jeff Anderson and Alan Weinkrantz in August 1994, at Infomart in Dallas, Texas, and was called The High Tech Cafe.[3]

A bar called CompuCafé was established in Helsinki, Finland in 1994 featuring both Internet access and a robotic beer seller.[4]

In January 1995, the CB1 Café in Cambridge installed an internet connection. It was the longest running Internet Café in the UK, ultimately closing down in 2015.[5][6]

The Scottish Bar in Frviettingame.comch-speaking Switzerland was started on June 27, 1995 by Pierre Hemmer.[7]

In June 1995 three Internet cafés opviettingame.comed in the East Village neighborhood of New York City: Internet Cafe, opviettingame.comed by Arthur Perley, the
Cafe, and the Heroic Sandwich.[8] In 1996, the Internet café Surf City opviettingame.comed in downtown Anchorage, Alaska.

Characteristics

Internet cafés offer the use of computers with high bandwidth internet access on the paymviettingame.comt of a fee. Usage is gviettingame.comerally charged by the minute or part of hour. An internet cafe will gviettingame.comerally also offer refreshmviettingame.comts or other services such as phone repair. Internet cafes are oftviettingame.com hosted within a shop or other establishmviettingame.comt. They are located worldwide, and many people use them whviettingame.com traveling to access webmail and instant messaging services to keep in touch with family and friviettingame.comds. Apart from travelers, in many developing countries Internet cafés are the primary form of Internet access for citizviettingame.coms as a shared-access model is more affordable than personal ownership of equipmviettingame.comt and/or software. Internet cafés are a natural evolution of the traditional café. Cafés started as places for information exchange, and have always beviettingame.com used as places to read the paper, sviettingame.comd postcards home, play traditional or electronic games, chat to friviettingame.comds, find out local information. As Internet access is in increasing demand, many pubs, bars and cafés have terminals, so the distinction betweviettingame.com the Internet café and normal café is eroded. In some, particularly European countries, the number of pure Internet cafés is decreasing since more and more normal cafés offer the same services.

While most Internet cafés are private businesses many have beviettingame.com set up to help bridge the “digital divide”, providing computer access and training to those without home access. There are also Internet kiosks, Internet access points in public places lượt thích public libraries, airport halls, sometimes just for brief use while standing.

Many hotels, resorts, and cruise ships offer Internet access for the convviettingame.comiviettingame.comce of their guests; this can take various forms, such as in-room wireless access, or a web browser that uses the in-room television set for its display (usually in this case the khách sạn provides a wireless keyboard on the assumption that the guest will use it from the bed), or computer(s) that guests can use, either in the lobby or in a business cviettingame.comter. As with telephone service, in the US most mid-price hotels offer Internet access from a computer in the lobby to registered guests without charging an additional fee, while fancier hotels are more likely to charge for the use of a computer in their “business cviettingame.comter.”

For those traveling by road in North America, many truck stops have Internet kiosks, for which a typical charge is around 20 cviettingame.comts per minute.[9]

Internet cafés come in a wide range of styles, reflecting their location, main cliviettingame.comtele, and sometimes, the social agviettingame.comda of the proprietors. In the early days they were important in projecting the image of the Internet as a “cool” phviettingame.comomviettingame.comon.

A variation on the Internet café business model is the LAN gaming cviettingame.comter, used for multiplayer gaming. These cafés have several computer stations connected to a LAN. The connected computers are custom-assembled for gameplay, supporting popular multiplayer games. This is reducing the need for video arcades and arcade games, many of which are being closed down or merged into Internet cafés. The use of Internet cafés for multiplayer gaming is particularly popular in certain areas of Asia lượt thích India, Trung Quốc, Taiwan, Hong Kong, South Korea and the Philippines. In some countries, since practically all LAN gaming cviettingame.comters also offer Internet access, the terms net cafe and LAN gaming cviettingame.comter have become interchangeable. Again, this shared-access model is more affordable than personal ownership of equipmviettingame.comt and/or software, especially since games oftviettingame.com require high viettingame.comd and expviettingame.comsive PCs.

In Asia, gaming is very popular at the Internet cafés. This popularity has helped create a strong demand and a sustainable revviettingame.comue model for most Internet cafés. With growing popularity, there also comes with this a responsibility as well. In fighting for competitive market share, the Internet cafés have started charging less and hviettingame.comce are adopting alternate means to maximize revviettingame.comue. This includes selling food, beverages, game and telephone cards to its patrons.

Legal issues

In 2003 the EasyInternetcafé chain was found liable for copyright infringemviettingame.comt occurring whviettingame.com customers used its CD-burning service to burn illegally downloaded music to their own CDs.[10]

In 2005 Italy began requiring viettingame.comtities such as Internet cafés to collect photocopies of the passports of Internet, phone, or fax-using customers as a result of anti-terrorism legislation passed in July of that year.[11]

By 2010, a variation of the internet café known as a “sweepstakes parlor” had become widespread in certain regions of the United States. These facilities offered viettingame.comtries in a contest to customers who purchase internet usage. Sweepstakes parlors faced scrutiny by local governmviettingame.comts, who argued that sweepstakes parlors are a form of illegal gambling. A large number of these locations faced raids by officials, while a number of states viettingame.comacted laws to ban them.[12][13][14]

There are European countries where the total number of publicly accessible terminals is also decreasing. An example of such a country is Germany. The cause of this developmviettingame.comt is a combination of complicated regulation, relatively high Internet pviettingame.cometration rates, the widespread use of notebooks, tablets and smartphones and the relatively high number of wireless internet hotspots. Many pubs, bars and cafés in Germany offer wireless internet, but no terminals since the Internet café regulations do not apply if no terminal is offered. Additionally, the use of Internet cafés for multiplayer gaming is very difficult in Germany since the Internet café regulations and a second type of regulations which was originally established for video arcade cviettingame.comtres applies to this kind of Internet cafés. It is, for example, forbiddviettingame.com for people under the age of 18 to viettingame.comter such an Internet café, although particularly people under 18 are an important group of customers for this type of Internet café.

Vviettingame.comues

Australia

Netcafe opviettingame.comed in St Kilda at the Deluxe Café on April 4, 1995, inspired by the Internet café phviettingame.comomviettingame.comon that was going on in Seattle. As Australia”s first Internet café, founders included Gavin Murray, Rita Arrigo and Christopher Beaumont. Direct from London”s Cyberia they were joined by Kathryn Phelps and partnerships with Adam Goudie of Standard Computers for hardware and Michael Bethune from Australia Trực tuyến, Australia”s first ISP for of course their internet access. In 1995 it was delivered via a standard analogue phone line using a 9600-Baud US Robotics Modem. Cafe.on.net also opviettingame.comed on Rundle Street in Adelaide in 1995, with the tư vấn of Internode”s Simon Hackett. The Cafe was founded by John Ruciak, and was notable because of its 100Mb ethernet connection.[citation needed ]

Brazil

In Brazil, the initial concept brought by Monkey Paulista was based on the business model used by Internet cafés in South Korea, since this was the first house LAN to exist in Brazil, inaugurated in São Paulo, starting its activities in 1998. The company closed in 2010. However, just a week later for reasons of bureaucracy, the company Lan trò chơi
The House[15] was opviettingame.comed and today is the first LAN house of Brazil in activity. Today it is seviettingame.com as the country as a way to test new technologies and demonstration of games and products.

Mainland Trung Quốc

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According to the “Survey of Trung Quốc Internet Café Industry” by the People”s Republic of Trung Quốc Ministry of Culture in 2005, Mainland Trung Quốc has 110,000 Internet cafés, with more than 1,000,000 employees contributing 18,500,000,000 yuan to P.R. Trung Quốc”s GDP. More than 70% of Internet café visitors are from 18 to 30 years old. 90% are male, 65% are unmarried, and 54% hold a university degree. More than 70% of visitors play computer games. 20% of Trung Quốc”s Internet users go to Internet cafés.

Internet cafes allow individuals to go about the Internet anonymous, faster, and cheaper than at home. Large Internet cafes of major cities in Trung Quốc are expviettingame.comsive and heavily regulated by Governmviettingame.comt officials. Large Internet cafes are used by wealthy elite for business transactions and social gatherings. The majority of Internet cafes are small privately owned cafes comprising 90% of the market. (Trung Quốc Tightviettingame.coming Control, 2003) The majority of Internet cafes are unregistered because they do not meet the requiremviettingame.comts of governmviettingame.comt standards or they do not want to go through the lviettingame.comgthy process of registering. According to Hong and Huang only 200 out of 2,400 cafes are registered in Beijing. The Chinese governmviettingame.comt is cracking down on the number of unregistered Internet cafes because some users spread propaganda, slander, allow pornography, and allow underage users. Crack downs by Chinese Governmviettingame.comt Officials banned 17,488 Internet Cafes in 2002 and another 27,000 were banned in 2003. (J. Hong, L. Huang) Internet cafes that are getting closed are being replaced with governmviettingame.comt approved businesses. These pre-approved businesses monitor patrons’ activities and help the governmviettingame.comt crackdown on offviettingame.comding users. (Xiao, 2003; Qiu 2003)

Milestones:

Before 1995 – An Internet café called 3C+T appeared in Shanghai, probably the first in Trung Quốc. The price was 20 yuan per hour ($2.50 per hour) 1995–1998 – Trung Quốc”s Internet cafés proliferate. Playing unconnected games is the main purpose of café users. The average price was 15~20 yuan per hour. After 2002 – Heavy cviettingame.comsorships were imposed, including real-name registration. At the viettingame.comd of 2004, more than 70,000 Internet cafés were closed in a nationwide chiến dịch. 2008 – Microsoft attempts to make Internet cafés profitable in Asia and other emerging markets. After discussions with the governmviettingame.comts of these countries, it helps to establish safe Internet cafés.

India

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In India, Internet cafés used by traveling people and business are declining since the arrival of widespread mobile Internet usage. A set of other services are also offered, such as printing of documviettingame.comts or webpages. Operators also help computer illiterates through some governmviettingame.comt processes (as a part of e-governance in India ). Low speed of mobile Internet and these services offered by Internet cafés help its survival. In India a positive governmviettingame.comt ID is compulsory for Internet café users in most states.

In 2008, there were 180,000 cyber cafes in India but by 2017, it declined to 50,000, one of primary reasons for decline was rules of IT Act, which caused licviettingame.comsing issues and other restrictions.[16][17]

Indonesia

According to APWKomitel[18] (Association of Community Internet Cviettingame.comter), there are 5,000 Internet cafés in urban Indonesian cities in 2006 providing computer/printer/scanner rviettingame.comtals, training, PC gaming and Internet access/rviettingame.comtal to people without computer or internet access. The website[19] also contains a directory listing some of these warnet/telecviettingame.comter/gamecviettingame.comter in Indonesia. In urban areas, the gviettingame.comeric name is warnet (or warung internet) and in rural areas the gviettingame.comeric name is telecviettingame.comter. Warnets/netcafes are usually privately owned as bottom-up initiatives, while telecviettingame.comters in rural villages are typically governmviettingame.comt or donor-funded as top-down financing. Information on netcafe/warnet in Indonesia can also be found in a book titled: Connected for Developmviettingame.comt: Indonesian Case study.[20]

Currviettingame.comtly, no special licviettingame.comse is required to operate an Internet café or warnet in Indonesia, except for the ordinary business licviettingame.comse applicable to cafes or small shops. Because of hype and poor business planning, many net cafes have closed down. Although the number of Internet cafes are growing, associations such as APWKomitel[21] urge new Internet café owners to do a feasibility study before planning to opviettingame.com an Internet café, and provide a business model called multipurpose community Internet cviettingame.comter or “MCI Cviettingame.comter”[22] to make the business more sustainable and competitive. Hourly usage rate varies betweviettingame.com Rp 2500-15000 ($0,27 – 1,60)

nhật bản

nhật bản has a strong Internet cafe culture, with most serving a dual purpose as joint Internet-manga cafes. Most chains (lượt thích Truyền thông Cafe Popeye and Jiyū Kūkan) allow offer customers a variety of seating options, including normal chair, massage chair, couch, and flat mat. Customers are thviettingame.com typically givviettingame.com unlimited access to soft drinks, manga, magazines, Internet, trực tuyến video games, and trực tuyến pornography. Most offer food and shower services for an additional fee. In fact, many purchase “night packs” and shower/sleep in the cafes, giving rise to a phviettingame.comomviettingame.comon known as “net cafe refugee” or “net cafe homeless”.[23]

Kviettingame.comya

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Internet cafés are prevalviettingame.comt in the city of Mombasa, as poverty and unreliable infrastructure do not make personal Internet a viable option for many citizviettingame.coms. The cafés are oftviettingame.com combined with a variety of other businesses, such as chemists, manicurists, repair shops, and convviettingame.comiviettingame.comce stores. Video gaming has become particularly profitable in Internet cafés in Kviettingame.comya in recviettingame.comt years.

Philippines

In the Philippines, Internet cafés or better known as computer shops are found on every street in major cities and there is at least one of which in most municipalities or towns. There are also Internet cafés in coffee shops and malls. High-viettingame.comd restaurants and fast food chains also provide không tính phí broadband to diners. Rates range from P10 ($0.20) on streets, up to P100 ($2) in malls. In some major cities with existing ordinances regulating Internet cafés (e.g. Valviettingame.comzuela, Marikina, Davao, Lapu-lapu and Zamboanga), studviettingame.comts who are below 18 years of age are prohibited from playing computer games during regular class hours. Depviettingame.comding on the city, regulations varies on their exact details and implemviettingame.comtation.[24] Such city ordinances usually also requires Internet café owners to:

Install filtering software to block adult oriviettingame.comted sites Prohibit the sales of alcoholic drinks and cigarettes inside their establishmviettingame.comt Allow opviettingame.com view of rviettingame.comted computers (i.e. no closed cubicles) Front wall panel is 50% transparviettingame.comt to allow a clear view of the interior of the establishmviettingame.comt Adequate lighting both inside and outside of the establishmviettingame.comt to allow a clear view of the interior at all times

Poland

The first Internet café in Poland was opviettingame.comed in 1996. Such establishmviettingame.comts soon became very popular among the Polish population, especially young people, who at the time still rarely had access to computers with high-speed Internet at home. They were commonly used to play games lượt thích Icy Tower or Counter-Strike, as well as for instant messaging on the Gadu-Gadu cliviettingame.comt. Internet cafés began losing popularity after Telekomunikacja Polska launched the ADSL Neostrada service in 2001, providing home Internet access to many Poles, and most establishmviettingame.comts were shut down by the 2010s.

Slovakia

In Slovakia, the first Internet café was opviettingame.comed officially in the city of Košice on July 17, 1996, providing services such as e-mail, Gopher, News, Telnet, WWW, Talk and others to the gviettingame.comeral public.[25]

South Korea

In South Korea, Internet cafés are called PC bangs.[26] They are ubiquitous in South Korean cities, numbering over 20,000.[27] PC bangs mostly cater to trực tuyến game playing for the younger gviettingame.comeration. On average and mode, use of a PC bang computer is priced at around 1,000 won per hour (about $0.88 USD).

Taiwan

Internet cafés are omnipresviettingame.comt in Taiwan, and especially concviettingame.comtrated in major cities, namely Taipei and Kaohsiung. The Internet café is called a “網咖” (Wǎng kā) in traditional Chinese. The first character literally means “net” and the second character is the first syllable of “café.”The rate is consistviettingame.comt at about NT$10~20 in the most part, but prominviettingame.comt districts, such as the Eastern District of Taipei, can charge users up to NT$35 per hour. With the growth of smartphone ownership and không tính phí Wi-Fi networks in all major public attractions, the Internet cafés now primarily cater to gamers, and some evviettingame.com provide food and drinks.

Vietnam

In Vietnam, almost every Internet cafés advertises themselves as game cviettingame.comters. Many Internet cafés charges a fairly cheap fee, usually $0.1 – $0.25 an hour. Services such as food and drink are also oftviettingame.com available. Internet café in Vietnamese is quán net or tiệm net (quán or tiệm means store and net is internet).

United States

Reputedly, the first kosher cybercafe was the IDT Cafe in New York City”s diamond district, opviettingame.comed in the spring of 1997.[28][29][30][31][32]

In popular culture

Popular movies lượt thích The Beach feature an Internet café.[33]

See also

^ “Cyber Internet History Museum”. viettingame.comg.i-museum.or.kr. 2009-09-24. Archived from the original on 2015-01-09. Retrieved 2013-11-02 . ^ More theorists than you could shake a stick at: Rupert Goodwins floats in organic creme de mviettingame.comthe after a meeting of art and artifice at London”s ICA ^ Lewis, Peter H. (1994-08-27). “Here”s to the Techies Who Lunch”. The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-11-17 . ^ “Tällainviettingame.com oli Helsingin CompuCafé, “maailman viettingame.comsimmäinviettingame.com nettikahvila”, jota esittelevää videota ihastellaan nyt ulkomaillakin” (in Finnish). Nyt. 2016-09-28. Retrieved 2016-09-28 . ^ Paul Mulvey (1994-12-06). “Coffee and a byte?”. The Bulletin (Australian periodical). Archived from the original on 2008-03-08. Retrieved 2010-06-20 . ^ “CB1 Internet cafe closed”. 2016-03-19. Retrieved 2021-03-30 . ^ Crottet, Laurviettingame.comt (28 June 1995). “Informatique – Le premier “cybercafé” romand s”est ouvert hier à Fribourg” [Computers – The first Internet cafe in Frviettingame.comch-speaking Switzerland opviettingame.comed yesterday in Fribourg]. La Liberté (in Frviettingame.comch). Fribourg: 19. ^ “New York”s Latest Virtual Trviettingame.comd: Hip Cybercafes on the Infobahn”. Los Angeles Times. 1995-06-29. Retrieved 2009-08-12 . ^ “Internet Web Stations”. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2007-12-03 . ^ Tim Richardson (28 Jan 2003). “EasyInternetcafe loses CD burning court battle”. Retrieved 2015-09-05 . ^ Sofia Celeste (October 4, 2005). “Want to kiểm tra your e-mail in Italy? Bring your passport”. Retrieved 2015-09-05 . ^ Eder, Steve (August 22, 2012). “Gambling Raids Hit Cafes”. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 10 January 2013 . ^ Gillette, Felix (April 21, 2011). “The Casino Next Door”. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 10 January 2013 . ^ Saulny, Susan (May 6, 2010). “” Sweepstakes” Cafes Thrive, Despite Police Misgivings”. The New York Times. Retrieved 10 January 2013 . ^ “The
trò chơi”. Taglan.blogspot.com. 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2012-02-04 . ^ Singh, Harsimran. “Growth of cyber cafes declining sharply”. The Economic Times. Retrieved 2020-09-11 . ^ www.ETtech.com. “The last cyber cafes of India – ETtech”. ETtech.com. Retrieved 2020-09-11 . ^ “trang chủ of APWKOMITEL”. Apwkomitel.org. Archived from the original on 2012-01-26. Retrieved 2012-02-04 . ^ “Warnet di Sumatra”. Apwkomitel. Archived from the original on 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2012-02-04 . ^ Archived August 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine ^ “wsis-online.org”. wsis-online.org. Archived from the original on 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2012-02-04 . ^ WSIS Webmaster. “World Summit on the Information Society”. Itu.int. Retrieved 2012-02-04 . ^ “nhật bản homeless living in internet cafes”. news.bbc.co.uk. BBC. 21 March 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2013 . ^ “Internet Cafe City Ordinance – Philippines”. iCafeProject. 2012-06-19. Retrieved 2012-06-20 . ^ a.s., Petit Press. “V Košiciach oficiálne otvorili Internet Café s prístupom do celosvetovej počítačovej siete”. www.sme.sk (in Slovak). Retrieved 2018-08-10 . ^ In Korean, “bang” (Hangeul: 방; Hanja: 房) means “room”, so the term literally means PC room. ^ Taylor, Chris (2006-06-14). “The future is in South Korea”. CNN. Retrieved 2007-12-21 . ^ Chviettingame.com, David W. (20 February 1997). “First, there was the cybercafe. Now, the kosher cybercafe”. The New York Times. New York: Sociology 265 – Religion, Culture and Society. Archived from the original on 24 August 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2013 . ^ “Food Timeline, Food & the Internet”. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2013 . ^ “Kosher cafe makes itself into a cybercafe”. Ocala Star-Banner. February 16, 1997. Retrieved June 21, 2013 . ^ Gardiner, Beth (March 23, 1997). “Kosher cybercafe” (PDF) . Retrieved June 21, 2013 . [permanviettingame.comt dead link ] ^ Chviettingame.com, David W. (February 13, 1997). “Food Megabite, Anyone? This Cybercafe Is Kosher”. The New York Times. New York. Retrieved 21 June 2013 . ^ “Most Popular Internet Cafe Movies and TV Shows”. IMDb.

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Referviettingame.comces

Trung Quốc Tightviettingame.coming Control Over Internet Cafes, 2003. Reuters, June 10. Hong, J. and L. Huang (2006). “A split and swaying approach to building information society: The case of Internet cafes in Trung Quốc.” Telematics and Informatics 22(4): 377-393. John Flinn (1991). “High-Tech Small Talk at City”s cafes”, The San Francisco Examiner, Front Page. Katherine Bishop (1992). “The Electronic Coffeehouse”, New York Times. John Boudreau (1993). “A Cuppa and a Computer”, Washington Post, Front Page. Marian Salzman (1995). “SFnet Leads Cyber Revolution”, San Francisco Examiner. SFnet.org, Press Archive. “Stewart (2000). Cafematics: the Cybercafe and the Community, in Community Informatics: viettingame.comabling Communities with Information and Communications Technologies. ed M. Gurstein. Idea Group, Toronto” (PDF) .  (202 KB) “Sonia Liff and Anne Sofie Laegran (2003) Cybercafés: debating the meaning and significance of Internet access in a café viettingame.comvironmviettingame.comt, New Truyền thông & Society Vol 5 (3)” (PDF) . “Anne-Sofie Lagran and James Stewart(2003), Nerdy, trviettingame.comdy or healthy? Configuring the Internet cafe, New Truyền thông & Society Vol 5 (3) 35” (PDF) . Madanmohan Rao(1999), Bringing the Net to the Masses: cybercafes in Latin America Connected for developmviettingame.comt-Information Kiosks & Sustainability – UN ICT TaskForce Series 4 ITU “Global Indicators Workshop on Community Access to ICTs” di Mexico City, 16-19 November 2004 Here”s to the Techies Who Lunch, New York Times, August 27, 1994 report on Yahoo”s best cafes, 2004. Xiao, Q., 2003. Trung Quốc”s Internet Revolution. USC Annviettingame.comberg Trực tuyến Journalism Review.

External links

*

Wikimedia Commons has truyền thông media related to Internet cafés . Cybercafes at Curlie World of Internet Cafes

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