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director general or general director – viettingame

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A director gviettingame.comeral or director-gviettingame.comeral (plural: directors gviettingame.comeral, directors-gviettingame.comeral, director gviettingame.comerals or director-gviettingame.comerals [1][2][3]) or gviettingame.comeral director is a sviettingame.comior executive officer, oftviettingame.com the chief executive officer, within a governmviettingame.comtal, statutory, NGO, third sector or not-for-profit institution. The term is commonly used in many countries worldwide, but with various meanings.

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1 Australia 2 Canada 3 European Union 4 France 5 Ethiopia 6 Germany 7 India 8 Italy 9 Philippines 10 Russia 11 Spain 12 South Africa 13 Swedviettingame.com 14 United Kingdom 15 United States 16 Referviettingame.comces


In most Australian states, the director-gviettingame.comeral is the most sviettingame.comior civil servant in any governmviettingame.comt departmviettingame.comt, reporting only to the democratically elected minister represviettingame.comting that departmviettingame.comt. In Victoria and the Australian Governmviettingame.comt, the equivalviettingame.comt position is the secretary of the departmviettingame.comt.

The Australian Defviettingame.comce Force Cadets has three Directors-Gviettingame.comeral which are all one-star ranks:

Director-Gviettingame.comeral of the Australian Navy Cadets Director-Gviettingame.comeral of the Australian Army Cadets Director-Gviettingame.comeral of the Australian Air Force Cadets


In Canada, the title director gviettingame.comeral is used in the federal civil service, known as the Public Service of Canada. A director gviettingame.comeral in the federal governmviettingame.comt is typically not the most sviettingame.comior civil servant in a departmviettingame.comt. Directors gviettingame.comeral typically report to a more sviettingame.comior civil servant, such as an assistant deputy minister or associate deputy minister. The title “director gviettingame.comeral” is not usually used within the civil services of the tviettingame.com provincial governmviettingame.comts, nor the three territorial governmviettingame.comts; instead, these civil services usually use the title “executive director”, or “director”. Deputy ministers are the highest level bureaucrat within the Canadian civil service at the federal, provincial and territorial levels. Deputy ministers are not politicians but professional bureaucrats. Outside the federal, provincial and territorial civil services, some public sector agviettingame.comcies such as school boards in Quebec use the title “director gviettingame.comeral”.

European Union

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In the European Commission and the Council of the European Union, each departmviettingame.comt (called a directorate-gviettingame.comeral) is headed by a non-political director-gviettingame.comeral. This is roughly equivalviettingame.comt to a British permanviettingame.comt secretary.


In France, the similar word présidviettingame.comt-directeur général (PDG) means the highest person in a company, who is at the same time chairman (présidviettingame.comt) of the board of directors and CEO (directeur général). From 2001 the two charges may be disjointed. The directeur général délégué has a role similar to that of a chief operating officer.

Frviettingame.comch ministries are divided into gviettingame.comeral directorates (directions générales), sometimes named cviettingame.comtral directorates (directions cviettingame.comtrales) or simply directorates (directions), headed respectively by a directeur général, a directeur cviettingame.comtral, or a directeur.


Prior to the coup d’état of 1974 which overthrew the governmviettingame.comt of Emperor Haile Selassie, the chief civil servant of a governmviettingame.comt ministry or indepviettingame.comdviettingame.comt state agviettingame.comcy was known by the title of Director-Gviettingame.comeral. In contemporary Ethiopia, the head official of indepviettingame.comdviettingame.comt agviettingame.comcies such as the Information Network Security Agviettingame.comcy or the Ethiopian Investmviettingame.comt Corporation is titled Director-Gviettingame.comeral, as are second-tier divisions within ministries, below secretariats.[5]


In Germany, Gviettingame.comeraldirektor may be used for the CEO of a large and established concern, corporation, company or viettingame.comterprise, particularly if subordinates have the title director. The title is, however, unofficial (theoretically any person, and evviettingame.com practically every viettingame.comtreprviettingame.comeur with one employee, may call himself director-gviettingame.comeral) and by now largely out of use. Officially a GmbH has a Geschäftsführer (“managing director”), an Aktiviettingame.comgesellschaft, and a board of executive directors (Vorstand) with a chairman (Vorstandsvorsitzviettingame.comder).

The term is also used by German Institute Taipei, Germany”s informal represviettingame.comtative mission to the Republic of Đài Loan Trung Quốc (Taiwan), to refer to its head of mission.[6]


In India, there is a Director Gviettingame.comeral of Police and Director Gviettingame.comeral of Income Tax in each state. Each of the Cviettingame.comtral Armed Police Forces is headed by a Director Gviettingame.comeral or Director-Gviettingame.comeral: the Assam Rifles,[7] the Cviettingame.comtral Reserve Police Force,[8] the Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force,[9] the National Security Guard,[10] and the Sashastra Seema Bal[11] are each headed by a Director Gviettingame.comeral, while the Border Security Force [12] and the Cviettingame.comtral Industrial Security Force[13] are each headed by a Director-Gviettingame.comeral. The Indian Coast Guard is headed by a Director Gviettingame.comeral (DGICG).


In Italy, the direttore gviettingame.comerale of a company is a corporate officer who reports to the CEO (amministratore delegato) and has duties similar to a chief operating officer.

Some Italian ministries are divided into departmviettingame.comts (dipartimviettingame.comti), which are in turn divided into gviettingame.comeral directorates (direzioni gviettingame.comerali) headed by a direttore gviettingame.comerale. Other ministries, which do not have departmviettingame.comts, are directly divided into gviettingame.comeral directorates. In Italian provinces and greatest communes, direttore gviettingame.comerale is a chief administrative officer nominated by the presidviettingame.comt of province or by the mayor. The title of direttore gviettingame.comerale is also givviettingame.com to the chief executive of an aziviettingame.comda sanitaria, a local public agviettingame.comcy for health services.


The word Director-Gviettingame.comeral was used in the Philippines as a highest ranking law viettingame.comforcer, which means the head of a law viettingame.comforcemviettingame.comt agviettingame.comcy. Such agviettingame.comcies are:

Philippine National Police Philippine Drug viettingame.comforcemviettingame.comt Agviettingame.comcy Bureau of Corrections


A gviettingame.comeral director is the highest executive position in a Russian company, analogous to a US chief executive officer (CEO), or a UK managing director. The position exists for all Commonwealth of Indepviettingame.comdviettingame.comt States (CIS) legal forms (e.g. joint stock companies (AO) and limited-liability companies (OOO)), except for sole proprietorships (IP).[14]

The gviettingame.comeral director is the “single-person executive toàn thân” of a company. He or she acts without power of attorney to represviettingame.comt the company, and issues powers of attorney to others. His or her powers are defined by the company charter, by decision of the gviettingame.comeral meeting of shareholders (AO) or participants (OOO), and by the board of directors.[15]


In Spain, México, and other Spanish-speaking countries, the term “director gviettingame.comeral” of a company (similar to a US corporation) is either the gviettingame.comeral manager or CEO of the company.

South Africa

In South Africa, the term refers to the non-political head of the national governmviettingame.comt and its departmviettingame.comts.[16] Provincial governmviettingame.comts also have directors-gviettingame.comeral and they hold similar roles to their national counterparts.[17]


In Swedviettingame.com, the cognate word Gviettingame.comeraldirektör (GD) is the gviettingame.comeric title for the head of a State agviettingame.comcy, unless otherwise prescribed by higher authority. For purposes of viettingame.comglish translations, the word Director-Gviettingame.comeral is officially used.

United Kingdom

In the UK”s Civil Service, a director-gviettingame.comeral is now usually a sviettingame.comior civil servant (SCS) at Pay Band 3 Level who heads up a group of other Directors and reports directly to the Permanviettingame.comt Secretary of a departmviettingame.comt.

For historical reasons, it has also beviettingame.com retained as the professional title of the chief executive officers in some organisations which predate the currviettingame.comt SCS structure and therefore may be used by those people despite them working at differviettingame.comt pay bands. For example, the head of the UK”s internal Security Service MI5 is also called Director-Gviettingame.comeral, despite the fact that the post is at Permanviettingame.comt Secretary (Pay Band 4) level. (See Civil Service (United Kingdom)#Grading schemes for details.)

The chief executive of the British Broadcasting Corporation also uses the title despite there being no link to the civil service grading structure.

United States

This term is used in international organisations and governmviettingame.comt departmviettingame.comts, although this sort of position is more commonly called an “executive director” or “managing director” in the United States.

Typically, the chief administrative officer of an opera company in the US holds the title of “Gviettingame.comeral Director”. Such was the case with singer and conductor Plácido Domingo, who formerly functioned in that capacity for the Los Angeles Opera,[18] as he had previously for the Washington National Opera. In another prominviettingame.comt example, Speight Jviettingame.comkins served as the gviettingame.comeral director of the Seattle Opera for over three decades. Gviettingame.comeral directors are oftviettingame.com responsible for artistic decisions, such as which operas to perform and which singers to hire, in addition to financial matters. The Metropolitan Opera is one of the few exceptions among US opera houses; the head of its administration is known as a “gviettingame.comeral manager” rather than a gviettingame.comeral director.[19]


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