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Dalam bahasa Inggris, ada tiga jenis kalimat, yaitu sentence, clause, dan phrase. Setiap jenis kalimat tersebut punya struktur dan fungsi tersendiri dalam kalimat. Nah, absolute phrase adalah jenis pertama dari phrase yang perlu dipelajari.

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 Ini penjelasan lengkap tentang pengertian, jenis, dan contohnya dari mimin Kampung Inggris buatmu.

Pengertian Absolute Phrase

Absolute phrase adalah sebuah frasa yang punya sifat seperti independent clause, tapi tidak memiliki subject sendiri.

Oleh karena itu, sebuah absolute phrase bisa berdiri sendiri, akan tetapi subjectnya mengikuti frasa yang diikutinya.

Absolute phrase berfungsi untuk memberikan tambahan informasi, sekaligus memperluas makna kalimat.

Dengan menggunakan absolute phrase, kamu nggak perlu menerangkan dua kondisi yang dialami subject dalam dua kalimat terpisah. Alhasil, bacaan yang kamu susun akan jauh lebih efektif.

Untuk menyusun sebuah kalimat dengan absolute phrase, kamu bisa menggunakan rumus:

Noun/Pronoun + Participle + Absolute Phrase +/- Object

Supaya lebih paham soal ini, kamu bisa membandingkan dua contoh kalimat di bawah ini.

Example:

She heard a noisy strange sound from the inside of the black house. She staggered toward the black house. Heard a noisy strange sound from the inside of the black house, she staggered toward it. He held his severe wound tightly. He wished the blood would finally stop He held his severe wound tightly, wishing the blood would finally stop

Posisi Absolute Phrase dalam Kalimat

Absolute phrase bisa diletakkan dalam dua posisi, yaitu di depan dan di belakang kalimat. Jika dilihat sekilas, sulit membedakan mana yang main phrase dan mana yang absolute phrase dalam sebuah kalimat.

Akan tetapi yang harus kamu perhatikan adalah letak subject yang jadi bahasan utama kalimat. Di mana subject berada, di situlah main phrase-nya. Sedangkan kalimat yang mengikutinya berarti absolute phrase.

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Supaya lebih jelas, kamu mungkin bisa memahaminya melalui tabel berikut.

SENTENCES
MAIN PHRASE
ABSOLUTE PHRASE
Planning to take the medical school,  Fasya joins the Red Cross organization

 

Fasya joins the Red Cross organization
Planning to take the medical school
She cried in my arms, her voice broke in tears

 

She cried in my arms
Her voice broke in tears
Thrilled of Dad’s coming, my little brother ran until he tripped on a chair leg

 

My little brother ran until he tripped on a chair leg
Thrilled of Dad’s coming

Selain di depan dan di belakang kalimat, sebenarnya absolute phrase bisa diletakkan di satu tempat lagi, yaitu di tengah. Akan tetapi pola semacam ini jarang sekali digunakan, karena akan membuat kalimat tampak lebih kompleks.

SENTENCES
MAIN PHRASE
ABSOLUTE PHRASE
The nurse, her uniform stained with blood, tries hard to save her patient

 

The nurse tries hard to save her patient
Her uniform stained with blood
The boy, his hands full of flowers and chocolate, propose his girlfriend in front of people

 

The boy propose his girlfriend in front of people
His hands full of flowers and chocolate
The kids, their body toàn thân are so thin, keep looking for their parents that are lost in war

 

The kids keep looking for their parents that are lost in war

 

Their body toàn thân are so thin

Jenis-Jenis Absolute Phrase

Dari contoh-contoh yang sudah disebutkan sebelumnya, kamu mungkin memerhatikan kalau ada absolute phrase yang verb-nya diakhiri –ed, ada pula yang diakhiri –ing.

Sebenarnya bagaimana cara membuat absolute phrase dalam kalimat? Kamu bisa membuatnya berdasarkan jenis-jenis absolute phrase berikut.

Past Participle Phrase

Past participle phrase adalah absolute phrase yang diawali dengan past participle, atau verb-3.

Biasanya past participle phrase digunakan untuk dua hal yaitu 1) menjelaskan kondisi passive, dan 2) menjelaskan adjective berakhiran -ed.

Example:

They have come back from the jungle, bruised and scarred but alive Surprised of the bad news from his wife, Mr. Johnson collapsed and made his children panic We found him in a poor condition, broken-hearted and lifeless Thrown on the trash can already, the wedding ring couldn’t be found anymore

Present Participle Phrase

Jenis absolute phrase selanjutnya adalah present participial phrase, atau phrase yang didahului dengan verb-ing/gerund.

Present participle phrase berguna untuk menjelaskan tiga hal pula, yaitu 1) kondisi yang terjadi saat ini, 2) sesuatu yang dilakukan subject, dan 3) adjective berakhiran –ing.

Example:

Trembling and shaking, my body toàn thân needs something to warm me up The idol has appeared on the stage, shining and mesmerizing Listening to the same tuy nhiên for years, both of them finally can play together at this concert She lifts her hands desperately to the sky, praying for help from God

Absolute Phrase From Part of Speech

Selain dari past dan present participle, absolute phrase juga bisa dibuat dari komponen-komponen part of speech. Beberapa absolute phrase dari part of speech yang paling terkenal adalah noun phrase, prepositional phrase, verb phrase, dan adjective phrase.

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Noun Phrase

Example:

As a talented artist, Mozart has made so many amazing songs even if he was deaf Nada finished the exam faster from anyone in her class, such a brilliant student As a mother, you can’t just hit your children just because they don’t meet your expectation Prepositional Phrase

Example:

Just now, Google has updated its algorithm again, make all the bloggers panic For some weeks, Navis will join a social truyền thông media training at Jakarta We will come and see our ex-rival, even if it’s just a minute Verb Phrase

Example:

Feels lượt thích his chest fluttering, Rio nearly pass out in the middle of the queue Brings up some new evidence, the detective feels confident he would win the case Desperately asking for attention, she will be so mad if people cough or make any sound Adjective Phrase

Example:

Sad about her father’s death, she doesn’t want to go to school Happy with their marriage, the young couple decide to do the honeymoon at Bali Reluctant to join the selection, I finally decided to go home

Itulah penjelasan lengkap mengenai pengertian absolute phrase, jenis, disertai contohnya buat kamu! Kalau kamu ingin belajar bahasa Inggris lebih banyak lagi, saran mimin cuma satu: datang ke Kampung Inggris Pare! Di sini, kamu pasti bisa lebih mudah mengasah kemampuan bahasa Inggrismu, baik yang formal mau pun informal.

Suka sama bahasan tentang absolute phrase dari Kampung Inggris ini? Kalau ya, kamu mungkin juga bakal tertarik sama ini: Perbedaan Clause, Phrase, dan Sentence

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